INTRODUCTION

kindergarten | Uncategorized

01/02/2024

“Everyone knows that children should play,
but they do not know that it is important what they are playing.”

Handball in kindergartens is conceived as a type of universal sports school whose task is to create a base of children for the next step of involvement in mini-handball. The idea is to work with children from the age of four or five until they go to elementary school. At this age, free play and the development of basic motor skills are crucial for the normal growth and development of children and serve as the basis for learning the elements of handball.
40% of the time content is conducted as an incentive for the development of general motor skills and abilities, while 60% of the content is of a handball character. As today’s children do not have the habit of movement and free play outdoors like previous generations, the programs of universal sports schools in which learning elements of gymnastics, athletics, rhythmicity, martial arts, object manipulation, rackets, bats, etc. are taught are necessary as compensation for the development of what we have lost to the modern way of life.
The implementation of training with children of this age is very demanding and requires a full understanding of their biological needs, from motor skills, but also limitations to emotional requirements.
We have witnessed the statements of many coaches that “today’s children are not like they used to be”. Because of that, and it is a matter of changing the way of life of the people of Western civilization, these statements are true. This forces us to change our attitudes and adapt to the needs of the children we train.

“If they are bored, they start playing something else,
if their feelings are hurt, they start crying.”

A coach who works with children must know that they do not forgive misunderstanding their needs.
The younger Zvonko is, the more pronounced his emotional side is. Therefore, he makes all decisions about what he finds interesting, what he likes, or what he finds boring based solely on how he feels while performing a certain activity.
His understanding of the future benefits of what he is currently doing is not possible. Such thinking is too abstract for him.
Therefore, work methods are very important. What is the primary goal at this age is an emotional experience. If we succeed in bringing Zvonko’s enthusiasm for handball to the highest level, we have created a very good chance that he will stay in our sport when he enrolls in a nearby primary school after kindergarten.


“The game is a basic training tool in working with children.”

How to achieve the desired emotional state? Zvonko’s only job is playing. He directs all his energy exclusively into it, looking for interest in everything that surrounds him, if it does not serve as his playground. At this age, through play, he satisfies one of the basic needs of life – the need for movement, which allows his body and mind to grow and develop normally. In addition to the development of motor skills, Zvonko’s cognitive skills are developed through movement and play. It has been proven that the full development of intelligence is not possible without a sufficient amount of play in childhood.
Therefore, all content is oriented towards its primary purpose – the game. Although a large number of pedagogues and psychologists are moving forward with modern learning methods and the modernization of educational systems, their application to sports is often still very outdated. The fact that at the faculties for the training of physical and health education teachers, the methodology program in pre-school, elementary school, high school, and higher education according to the postulates of military academies is still being implemented speaks volumes about this.
The type, column, line, or polygons are the basis of the programming of obedient soldiers and should be left for places where such a form of work and discipline is needed and fulfills its purpose. If one wants to encourage the development of creativity, cognitive abilities, and socialization with other children, it is necessary to create content that encourages such development.
When it comes to play, it is important to know that the use of games by preschool children is significantly different from the use of games in primary school age.


“A game is not a competition in which a child is defeated.”

Somewhere around the age of seven, most children are emotionally mature enough to accept defeat in an emotionally balanced way. For this reason, it is extremely important when working with Zvonka while he is in kindergarten to use games in which he does not compete with other children, i.e. do not conduct mutual competitions.
At this age, competition in children stimulates an excessive desire to win, and at the same time, for most, defeat creates excessive disappointment.
Even small “defeats” in which Zvonko wants to play a game with a certain ball, and another child takes that ball, even though there are enough balls for all the children, make Zvonko cry inconsolably.
The reaction in games in which the score is counted or the game is played until some other form of victory and defeat is usually just as violent, and our goal at training sessions is not to comfort Zvonko while he is crying but to create a relaxed and happy atmosphere.

“The ability to cooperate with others is not genetic,
it is something that we (learn) or don’t (learn).”

An important task of the game at this age is to encourage cooperation. The goal of the examples of games that we will list is for Zvonko to learn to cooperate in a group or collectively. Given that handball is a team sport and not only made up of teammates but also of a team of people who lead the team and take care of it, it is important to make him aware of how to function in a group.


“Parents tell them bedtime stories,
and our goal is for the child to be the main character of the story.”

Also, when we talk about the tasks we want to carry out with Zvonko, we must remember that his life is one big story. This is how we should set the motor tasks that we want to perform. Not knowing that he is exercising, Zvonko exercises best.
Our goal is to implement known or create new games that meet the criteria from the outline:

, and we will describe each game so that it is clear:


WHY?

, i.e. what goals do we want to achieve by playing that game?

HOW?

, i.e. how the coach explains the game, what is the story in which Zvonko is the main character, and how the game is played.


WHAT?

, i.e. what Zvonko does while playing.

TEAR DOWN THE CASTLE

TEAR DOWN THE CASTLE

Why? The game aims to learn how to shoot a ball.The competition in which the goal is to tear down the castle as quickly as possible is a strong emotional stimulus that encourages Luka to throw the ball as hard as he can. In this way, the biomechanics of the shot are...

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CUCKOO BIRDS

CUCKOO BIRDS

Why? As the goal of Cuckoo Bird is to hit the ball by kicking it off the ground, we use the game to learn how to throw the ball.Creating a strong emotional stimulus in children who do not want to be hit and a challenge in those who target them....

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SNOWBALL THROWING

SNOWBALL THROWING

Why? The goal of the game is to learn and repeat good biomechanics of catching and throwing the ball. https://youtu.be/dGp9hDIgkQk Although the children are divided into two teams, the goal of this game is not to win, so it remains just a game and does not become a...

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SHREK

SHREK

Why? The goal of the game is to teach children how to throw a ball using indirect teaching methods. When a child shoots the ball with all his strength from the ground, he is learning good handball biomechanics because he cannot be successful if he pushes the ball....

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CAPTAIN HOOK

CAPTAIN HOOK

WHY? (Goal of the game) The goal of the game is to learn the biomechanics of the handball ball-throwing movement. Children, wanting to knock down ships, throw balls with all their might and do not push them. For them to learn more complex movements, over time we add...

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KINDERGARTEN HANDBALL MANUAL

KINDERGARTEN HANDBALL MANUAL

Stage 0 of the circle of handball life introduces the sport to children aged between three and five years. The motto of kindergarten handball is "be curious!" and the focus is on activation and active exploration. Kindergarten handball is designed to be fun and help...

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INDIVIDUAL DEFENSE

INDIVIDUAL DEFENSE

The foundation of any good defense is good defensive players. The first and most important step is to create good defensive habits in young players so that they can more easily adapt to the coach's different tactical ideas in their senior years. In our camp, we base...

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FEINTS

FEINTS

”Who are you gonna believe, me or your lying eyes?” - Groucho Marx - Every good feint consists of two parts: The first part is a scam. The attacker performs a movement that should convince the defender that he will try to pass him to one side. The second part is...

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